Centre for Economic and Regional Studies Databank



In 1971, István Kemény initiated and led a representative survey to the situation of Roma (Gypsy) population of Hungary. The questionaires and part of the digitalised data have been destroyed/lost. This file has been compiled using three incomplete data sets that survived until 2012.

The objective of the survey

Measuring demographic characteristics, living conditions, nutrition, education and employment, income and wealth of the Roma population  

The reference population

Roma population living in selected settlements of Hungary. Stratified sampling using prior information on Roma density across and within settlements.

Data suppliers

2 percent of the Roma households interviewed using questionnaires. The adult respondents were asked to provide information on their children and relatives.

Sample size

The final sample contains 2912 people older than 14, who belong to 1056 households. (The original sample contained data of 3510 people older than 14.)



Main topics of data

Main groups of the variables:

education, languages, literacy

Occupation, employment, wages and other benefits

Social transfers, pensions, job search

Alternative sources of income (collecting, etc.)

Marital status, spouses and children

State of health, nutrition

Incarceration experience

Housing, durable goods, livestock

Expenditures and revenues (selected items)

Household characteristics


Unconditionally available for academic research